“We must overcome national vetoes for solutions to migration,” says former Italian FM

Speaking Europe speaks to a veteran of the European and Italian political scenes, former EU Commissioner and former Italian Overseas Minister Emma Bonino. She shares her ideas on the bitter row between Rome and Paris over the destiny of migrants on the Ocean Viking rescue ship and says an EU migration coverage is not going to occur with out EU treaty change. “If we don’t overcome national vetoes, whether it’s about Covid, whether it’s about energy, whether it’s about migrants, we won’t have European solutions. We’ll just keep dreaming of European solutions,” she tells Arm Georgian. Bonino additionally touches on ladies’s rights and what she has known as the “reactionary social agenda” of the brand new coalition ruling Italy.

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Requested concerning the present disaster between Rome and Paris over migrants, Bonino refuses to single out France. “On this issue, no EU country can pretend to have acted in a humane way. It’s not just France and Italy. Look around and take Poland for example. Take Orban for example. Even Austria who threatened to close the Brenner approved . This is a case where nobody is perfect,” she argues.

So is it unrealistic to think about an actual EU-wide resolution to the migration difficulty? Bonino says: “What is needed, not only for migrants, but in many other matters, is to change the Treaty of Lisbon. If we do not overcome the veto rights of the member states, whether it is about Covid, whether it is about energy, whether it is about migrants, we will not to have European solutions. We will only continue to dream of European solutions.”

Relating to EU investments in Italy, the largest recipient of the post-Covid stimulus package deal, Bonino notes that EU cash shouldn’t be getting used successfully all through the nation. “On structural funds, for example, the south of the country does not use them very much. In the north, they are much better. Emilia-Romagna used the last structural fund package with 85 percent. But if you go down to Reggio Calabria, it is not even 30 percent. So this puts us in a strong negotiating position with the EU.”

Bonino is a veteran of the combat to legalize abortion in Italy within the Seventies, and he or she sees a worrying pattern beneath the brand new conservative authorities coalition. “I don’t think they will dare to openly change the law,” she says. “But they will be much smarter, by not enforcing parts of the law (Act 194). There are already regions where abortions are virtually impossible due to mass conscientious objection by doctors. There are ways to circumvent the law though, literally , it remains in place. People will move to other regions to have an abortion or go abroad.”

Produced by Johan Bodin, Perrine Desplats, Sophie Samaille and Isabelle Romero

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