Mohamed Scek Osman Haile (1913 – 1958) This isn’t a biography of Mohamed Sheikh Osman Haile, “Edmondo”; moderately, it’s a transient profile of a person, a politician whose title entered a conspicuous place within the Somali political area instantly after the tip of World Warfare II.
Mohamed “Edmondo” (and never “Il Mundo” as he was incorrectly referred to), was born in a village on the outskirts of Mogadiscio in 1913. Orphaned on the age of 10, he got here to Mogadiscio to dwell with an aunt who sadly died shortly afterwards. He was then admitted to the boarding faculty of the Consolata of Beit-Er Ras Catholic Mission the place younger Mohamed Sheikh Osman attended major faculty with success.
In 1932 he was employed by the then Royal Authorities of Somalia and served as a clerk within the Railway Administration. He was then transferred, at all times as an worker, to the Central Authorities, then, over time, to numerous different responsibility stations together with Mustahil, Brava and Merca. Lastly, as a consular worker, he went to serve on the Consulate Common of Italy in Bombay (India) after which in Aden (Yemen) at that consulate. In 1939 he returned to his nation to be despatched to the Commissariat of Higher Shebeli (Alto Scebeli).
With the British occupation of Somalia, he resigned from authorities service and engaged in his personal small industrial actions and actively entered political life.
His political beliefs advanced over time: in 1946 he grew to become a member of the Somali Youth Membership and have become secretary of the Belet Uen part. In 1947, he resigned from the federation and joined the African Union of Somalia get together, changing into its president. In 1956 he reworked this get together into the “Somali Democratic Party” of which he was the chief. In 1958 he had rejoined the Somali Youth League.
With the return of Italy in 1950, because the administering authority, in whose arms the United Nations entrusted the accountability of making ready the Somalis for self-government throughout the quick span of a decade, Mohamed Sheikh Osman was appointed for 3 consecutive phrases to the Territorial Council till its dissolution in 1956. He represented Somalia a number of occasions on the Trusteeship Council and on the UN Common Meeting, at all times on behalf of Somalia (Il Corriere della Somalia 20 June 1958)
Mohamed Sheikh Osman escapes assassination try
The primary years of the trusteeship interval have been characterised by intense political tensions between the brand new Italian administration and the foremost political get together of the territory, the SYL. The difficulties between the 2 events have been additional aggravated by the assist the so-called “Pro-Italia” events obtained from the executive authority. Towards this background, on the evening of March 6, 1952, the territorial councilor, Mohamed Sheikh Osman, was attacked beneath cowl of darkness by 4 males. Whereas one was speaking to him, one other shot at him with a gun, hitting him within the leg and head. Thankfully, the councilor escaped with out critical accidents.
The police launched a large safety operation to nab the perpetrators of the heinous crime. British sources in Mogadiscio say round 700 individuals have been rounded up by police in reference to the aborted killing. Though the determine mirrored within the British report (TNA FO 371/96646, 27 March 1952) sounds enormously exaggerated, it’s believed that round twenty individuals have been rounded up in Mogadiscio. Many have been detained for questioning and launched the subsequent day, whereas others, particularly vagrants, have been deported to the ethnic homeland. The councilor had little question that his attackers have been a gang of thugs linked to the Lega dei Giovani Somali and carrying the get together’s badge. Nevertheless, Lega distanced itself from the crime, which their management regretted regardless that it was extensively believed that the assassination try was their work.
Mohamed Sheikh Osman and the Larger Somalia problem
The Italian administration, alerted by Lega’s landslide victory within the first municipal elections held in 1954, and by the poor outcomes of the small events supported by the administration itself, inspired the small events to merge into a celebration with some coverage behind it, which may stand on personal legs and compete with Lega in future political elections. The administration was primarily involved about the potential of leaving a celebration system behind after independence.
On account of this stress, a brand new political get together was created in 1956 beneath the title “Partito Democratico Somalo” (Somali Democratic Celebration) uniting the small events collectively referred to as the Conferenza. The brand new get together was led by Abdullahi Haji Mohamoud “Insania”, different workplace holders have been: Mohamed Moussa Farah (Vice President), Mohamed Sheikh Osman “Edmondo” (Common Secretary) and Haji Yahia Mohamed (Treasurer) (TNA FO 371/10810, 26 July 1958, 1954). The get together advocated the gradual abolition of the standard social system, by means of gradual financial, social and political reforms, a unified republican type of authorities with a decentralized administration (Article 5, Somali Democratic Celebration Statute)
As a politician, Mohamed Sheikh Osman has at all times, constantly and successfully, supported the coverage that advocates the return of all Somali-speaking territories beneath different nations to Somalia. There are two memorable speeches by him, on two totally different events, in assist of the Larger Somalia plan.
(1) When Ambassador Giovanni Fornani hosted the newly appointed Administrator of Somalia, Metropolis Councilor Mohamed Sheikh Osman had this to say in regards to the Ethiopian-Somali border dispute: “The problem that is currently worrying us is that regarding border demarcations with Ethiopia , a problem that we would like to see resolved in such a way that our cases and the material needs of our people are not trampled upon and should not be trampled upon to the extent of undermining our legitimate rights and interests” (Il Corriere della) Somalia, April 17 1950).
(2) Once more, on October 4, 1951, throughout the opening of the third session of the Territorial Council in Mogadiscio, the Council known as the eye of Mohamed Sheikh Osman Enrique De Marchena (Dominican Republic), Head of the United Nations Visiting Mission, to the query of the provisional border with Ethiopia and the financial hardship that Somalia would endure from shedding these territories. He stated: “I must hasten to explain that no Somali has ever abandoned the Greater Somalia project. In fact, we reserved ourselves on the issue at Lake Success during the discussions on Somalia’s future. Yet, before power was transferred from Britain to Italy, the borders were changed three times, none of which was done on ethnic or logical grounds. These border changes did not receive our consent and despite our repeated protests, the borders continued to be changed and drawn,” including that “the areas now detached from Somalia proper are areas rich in agriculture and livestock, and probably on mineral resources.(Afis, Bollettino mensile, November 1951, p, 7)
The Somali Democratic Party fared poorly in the first political election in 1956, securing only 3 seats in the entire country. He was elected deputy in the El Bur constituency for the Somali Democratic Party. The Legislature, since its establishment, appointed him as its Secretary.
He was an able and articulate speaker, who displayed determination as well as powerful knowledge in debating the merits of matters debated in Parliament. The obituary page of the newspaper “Il Corriere della Somalia” published the following eulogy for the deceased Member of Parliament. : “Territorial Councilor, first, and Deputy of the Legislative Meeting, later, Mohamed Scek Osman at all times gave the debates a excessive tone with posts that, though typically contained a contact of controversy, a element that much more signifies how passionate and disinterested his work the place, was at all times characterised by a spirit of acute remark and a profound data of the topic beneath dialogue”. (Il Corriere della Somalia 19 June 1958)
Mohamed Sheikh Osman Haile’s life was minimize quick after a protracted sickness on 18 June 1958, earlier than he accomplished his first time period as an elected Member of Parliament, and fewer than two years earlier than independence, an occasion he cherished for therefore lengthy. His physique rests within the Sheikh Mukhtar Sheikh Mohamed Ali Maye Mosque in Wardigley, Mogadiscio.