Exploring Somalia’s Unexplored Assets: Evolving Geopolitical Dynamics and Conflict Mediation


The Horn of Africa, located in Eastern Africa, is home to the countries of Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, and Somalia. This region holds great geopolitical significance due to its proximity to the Middle East oil fields, the Indian Ocean, and the Red Sea trade routes.

Throughout history, major world powers, including the United States, have been attracted to these routes and have intervened in the region to enhance their political influence and secure access to untapped natural resources.

The strategic location of the Horn of Africa, just south of the Red Sea, has led to continuous interference by Western, Middle Eastern, and Far Eastern powers.

This interference aims to gain geopolitical advantage and exclusive control over the region’s vast natural resources. Unfortunately, these intrusions persist to this day, posing threats to the geopolitical balance and perpetuating conflicts, including proxy wars.

The ongoing battle for regional dominance in the Horn of Africa exacerbates the instability in an already volatile region. Somalia, in particular, plays a central role in this conflict, as its northern coast serves as a crucial maritime passage known as Bab el-Mandeb.

All ships traveling between the Indian Ocean and the Red Sea must pass through this narrow chokepoint. Consequently, the stability of the entire region hinges on the stability of Somalia.

The pursuit of geographic dominance in the Horn of Africa intensifies existing instability. Major global powers are actively asserting their influence in the region. China has established a significant military base in Djibouti, while Russia aims to become a major arms dealer and potentially build a base on the Red Sea. Gulf powers, such as the United Arab Emirates, also contribute to the regional rivalries, further destabilizing the area to strengthen their own footholds.

The United States, recognizing the economic and military significance of controlling the waterways in the region, presents itself as an alternative to other foreign powers.

However, while the US rhetoric implies an interest in enhancing democratic institutions, stability, and security for the Somali people, its actions do not always align with these goals.

To avoid repeating the mistakes made in history, such as the situation in Afghanistan, the United States must actively engage in Somalia’s upcoming presidential elections.

This engagement is necessary to ensure the integrity of the electoral process, fostering inclusive political and economic development in the region. It is crucial not to neglect this responsibility for the greater good of the world.

In conclusion, the Horn of Africa faces ongoing challenges and conflicts as major powers vie for dominance in the region.

Somalia is at the center of this struggle, and its stability directly impacts the entire area. It is essential for the United States and other global actors to prioritize the long-term interest of the region and work together to promote peace, stability, and inclusive development.

Disclaimer: The author’s views expressed in this article are personal and may not reflect the editorial policy of Axadle.