“Djibouti and Berbera – The Unlikely Champions of Sub-Saharan African Container Ports, Propelling Trade Prosperity to New Heights!”
On Friday May 26, 2023, the World Bank published a highly perplexing report, the Container Port Performance Index (CPPI) report, which has placed Djibouti and Berbera ports as the leading container ports in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). The report highlights the immense growth potential and strategic significance of the two ports in the global trade. It further underscores the expanding influence of Sub-Saharan Africa’s container shipping industry.
The World Bank has developed this comprehensive report in collaboration with S&P Global Market Intelligence’s Global Intelligence and Analytics division. Djibouti Port has secured the top regional spot with an impressive overall global ranking of 26, making it a crucial global trade gateway connecting Africa, the Middle East, and Asia. Its modern infrastructure and strategic location have enhanced regional trade and connectivity, contributing significantly to regional integration and economic growth.
Berbera Port in Northern Somalia follows closely with an overall ranking of 144. Its unwavering commitment to excellence has helped cement its role in Sub-Saharan Africa’s container shipping industry. The port is continuously streamlining its operations while also investing in its infrastructure to improve service quality. Berbera Port’s persistent efforts have attracted international recognition, making it a vital regional trade and logistics hub that facilitates cross-border goods movement.
The rankings have placed Mogadishu Port at 7th in Sub-Saharan Africa, with a global rank of 221. The report recognizes Djibouti and Berbera ports’ potential in serving as pivotal hubs for international trade, attracting worldwide attention, and promoting regional economic development. Their strategic significance transcends their national borders, positioning them as key facilitators of regional growth and connectivity.
Djibouti Port’s strategic location has made it a critical refuelling and transshipment center, mainly serving as Ethiopia’s maritime outlet for imports and exports. The port handles approximately 2,500 ships daily, making it indispensable for international trade. In addition, it helps counter regional security threats like terrorism and piracy.
Berbera Port is operated by DP World in partnership with the Northern Somalia Government, which has made significant investments in infrastructure and logistics, demonstrating its commitment to efficiency and continuous modernization efforts. This port’s growth potential has been realized, and its unwavering commitment to excellence has made it a vital regional trade and logistics hub.
The CPPI report is a comprehensive assessment tool that evaluates container ports, allowing port authorities, governments, shipping lines, and other trade and logistics entities to identify areas of improvement and optimize supply chain operations. The report’s acknowledgement of Djibouti and Berbera ports as top performers signals Sub-Saharan Africa’s burgeoning role in international trade.
The CPPI rankings for container ports in the Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) region are as follows:
Djibouti – Overall Ranking: 26
Berbera – Overall Ranking: 144
Conakry – Overall Ranking: 189
Dakar – Overall Ranking: 196
Matadi – Overall Ranking: 197
Tema – Overall Ranking: 205
Mogadiscio – Overall Ranking: 221
Beira – Overall Ranking: 223
Freetown – Overall Ranking: 226
Toamasina – Overall Ranking: 227
Takoradi – Overall Ranking: 245
Maputo – Overall Ranking: 248
Port Victoria – Overall Ranking: 249
Lagos (Nigeria) – Overall Ranking: 260
Mayotte – Overall Ranking: 267
Monrovia – Overall Ranking: 271
Owendo – Overall Ranking: 275
Port Elizabeth – Overall Ranking: 291
Walvis Bay – Overall Ranking: 293
Douala – Overall Ranking: 295
San Pedro (Cote D’ivoire) – Overall Ranking: 296
Port Reunion – Overall Ranking: 298
Onne – Overall Ranking: 302
Tin Can Island – Overall Ranking: 308
Dar Es Salaam – Overall Ranking: 312
Pointe-Noire – Overall Ranking: 315
Lome – Overall Ranking: 318
Kribi Deep Sea Port – Overall Ranking: 324
Mombasa – Overall Ranking: 326
Port Louis – Overall Ranking: 327
Cotonou – Overall Ranking: 330
Nouakchott – Overall Ranking: 331
Abidjan – Overall Ranking: 333
Luanda – Overall Ranking: 337
Ngqura – Overall Ranking: 338
Durban – Overall Ranking: 341
Cape Town – Overall Ranking: 344