“This is the first time I’ve seen this passport,” or “This passport can not take you anywhere” are a number of the feedback I acquired from a number of airport employees in the course of the journey.
According to the Henley Passport Index, Somali passports are among the many weakest journey paperwork. A Somali passport can take you to 34 locations on visa on arrival, not like a particular person from Japan or Singapore who can journey freely to 192 sovereign nations.
Traveling with a Somali passport might be mentally exhausting in lots of components of the world. Living in a world the place the the Aristocracy of your passport determines somebody’s price is unfair, creating layers of inequality.
I used to be born and not using a passport privilege. While rising up, I had restricted alternatives to journey the world freely. Having a Somali passport turned my day by day battle after I tried to use for a visa. My anxiousness doubles each time I apply for a visa as a result of there’s a risk of being rejected. In addition, the variety of paperwork required throughout visa software might be nerve-wracking and costly.
What is “passport privilege”?
Simply put, the passport privilege is “the ability to travel around the world freely based on the passport you hold.”
In 2015, I traveled to the United States with my Somaliland passport. It was the primary time I traveled exterior the nation. Although I actually have each Somaliland and Somalia passports, each have restricted privileges because the Somaliland passport will not be accepted in lots of international locations. Although Somaliland has maintained peace and democratic rules for the final thirty-one years, it remains to be a de facto state within the Horn of Africa and is taken into account a part of Somalia. Somaliland’s journey paperwork have slowly gained worldwide recognition from just a few international locations, together with the United Arab Emirates, Rwanda, Ethiopia, the United Kingdom and others.
When I acquired my scholar visa from the US Embassy in Djibouti, my passport was by no means stamped. My visa was in an A-4 paper. When I arrived at Dulles International Airport, the safety employees instructed me, “I can not find this passport in our database, and your passport chip does not work.” After an extended wait and worries, I used to be capable of enter the nation and the arrival stamp was stamped on the A-4 paper, having passports didn’t even matter because it didn’t exist within the worldwide database.
After graduating from highschool within the United States, I used to be accepted as a Mastercard Fellow on the American University of Beirut. Lebanon doesn’t settle for passports from Somaliland. So I needed to apply for a Somalia passport. I had no bother touring to Lebanon. But in 2020, I had a convention to attend in Ghana. So I traveled from Lebanon to Ghana by Turkish Airlines. I used to be in transit for five hours in Turkey and when it was time to envision the boarding passes, I used to be routinely stopped as a result of of my passport. I missed my flight. The airline employees instructed me, “I needed a visa to travel to Ghana.” According to the Ghanaian immigration web site, Somali passport holders can get one month of entry upon arrival. I used to be caught on the Turkish airport for 20 hours and a few of their employees had been additionally impolite to me. Later, they known as the Ghanaian immigration workplace in Accra, and I used to be allowed to journey to Ghana.
Traveling turned a significant impediment as I needed to go by additional safety checks and questions. I’m at present learning on the University of Stirling MSc in International Conflict and Cooperation. I took an elective known as “Study Trip International Organizations” for the spring semester. And just a few weeks in the past, I traveled to Geneva as a result of in fact necessities. I instructed my division director the battle you needed to go by when making use of for a visa whereas in possession of a Somali passport. I instructed him I needed to apply early because the visa course of may take longer for residents of sure international locations together with Somalia, Afghanistan, Iraq and extra, based on the TLS web site. Although I utilized on time, my visa was arrived late and I arrived late for the convention. I missed my flight and I needed to ebook a brand new flight. I missed touring with my classmates and professors. My journey began from Glasgow International Airport. When it was my time to check-in, the girl on the entrance desk atomically stated to me, “Sorry, this passport can not take you anywhere.” I used to be shocked as a result of she gave me a fast reply on the entrance of my passport. And she gave me a doc stating why the Somali passport doesn’t have a “passport privilege,” mainly. She didn’t even verify if I had a Schengen visa. I instructed her I had a Schengen visa in my passport. And at that time, she was capable of course of my paperwork.
Passport privilege is an unfair and a type of discrimination. Many of my mates and other people I do know who’re from Somaliland or Somalia are all the time attempting to search out methods to safe different passports, together with Ethiopian, Djibouti, Kenyan or different Western passports, to flee this discriminatory and stereotypical system. But securing passports from Ethiopians, Djibouti and others prices plenty of cash – $ 4000- $ 5000. Only just a few Somalis pays, whereas the remainder of the Somalis are compelled to make use of their symbolic and non-existent passports. And it not solely restricts our freedom of motion to entry alternatives, but additionally stereotypes us as a monolithic entity that threatens worldwide safety and peace.
The passport privilege additionally reinforces and screens the idea of a border regime and border management, which is an arbitrary and discriminatory political system. It restricts freedom of motion throughout international locations, whereas doubling sure nationalities to journey worldwide, together with to their neighboring international locations, with out present process a prolonged software course of, bribery and safety checks.
By: Ubah Ali: MSc International Conflict & Cooperation @StirUni; Co-founder of @solaceGirls; Fellow @Resolutionproj; Alumna @AbaarsoSchool & @AUB_Lebanon; Among @ BBC100women