Facts: Women’s rights in Afghanistan
Afghanistan has lengthy been thought of one among the world’s most harmful international locations for girls. Widespread sexual and bodily violence, armed battle, feminine genital mutilation and an absence of healthcare and training significantly threaten girls’s well being and lives, in accordance with a 2019 survey by the American Thomson Reuters Foundation.
24 p.c of the nation’s girls are literate, and solely 13 p.c work. 87 p.c state that they’ve in some unspecified time in the future been affected by gender-related violence.
When the Taliban’s first rule collapsed in 2001, the state of affairs improved slowly over a number of years as extra women have been allowed to go to high school and maternal mortality decreased. More girls additionally took a seat in decision-making our bodies.
But for the reason that Taliban got here again to energy in 2021, the development has turned in most areas. Women in authorities administration have been fired, women need to drop out of college after main college and girls who protest the restrictions are harassed and arrested. Women aren’t any longer allowed to journey with out a male escort exterior their place of residence. In May this 12 months, there was added the order that girls should costume totally – even the face should be hidden – in public. The Taliban authorities once more advocates the burka.
Sources: UI, Sida, UN Women, Swedish Afghanistan Committee, World Bank
When the Taliban took management of Afghanistan final August, they claimed they have been not oppressing girls and promised a “softer” coverage. But since then, the freedoms and rights of girls and women have been severely curtailed. The new guidelines that the Taliban have launched discriminate in opposition to and violate girls in virtually each side of their lives, says Amnesty International.
“Everything that is part of everyday life – if and how they go to school, if and how they work, if and how they leave the house – is strictly controlled and limited,” writes Anna Johansson, Secretary General of Amnesty Sweden, in a press launch.
Don’t dare to exit
The human rights group has interviewed 101 Afghan women and girls. In the interviews, it seems that they’re prevented from shifting, finding out and dealing. The Taliban have banned girls from touring lengthy distances with out a male companion, however even girls and women who transfer shorter distances are stopped and harassed, which suggests that few enterprise out in any respect.
Teacher Sunbal, who’s interviewed within the report, says:
“I used to have 40 to 50 students in my class, now I have less than five. The others are too scared to even go out.”
Women who protest the oppression are subjected to harassment and arbitrary detention. A protester tells Amnesty:
“A soldier hit me on the chest and said, ‘I can kill you right here and now, and no one would say anything.’”
Women and women who transfer exterior the dwelling with out a male companion testify that they’re stopped and harassed by the Taliban.”A slow death”
An Afghan journalist describes the state of affairs as “a slow death for women in Afghanistan.”
Amnesty believes that the Taliban are intentionally depriving tens of millions of girls of their human rights and calls for that the worldwide neighborhood act tougher.
“These attacks against Afghanistan’s female population worsen with each passing day,” writes Secretary General Anna Johansson.