The tolerance threshold for resilience

Faced with bullying and deprivation, people all over the continent know how to be patient. But sometimes it is not enough for the camel’s back to run over. What few leaders understand.

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Nathanaël Vittrant: In Nigeria, the angry crowd is protesting against police violence. A movement that is still suppressed in the blood at the beginning of the week. And President Buhari’s response on Thursday, October 22, seemed a little weak. However, should we fear, as you seem to think, that this type of movement will win more and more heads of state in Africa?

Jean-Baptiste Placca: Facing bullying and deprivation, people across the continent know how to be patient. But sometimes it is not enough for the camel’s back to run over. What few leaders understand.

We can fear it, no matter where the populations have reached such a degree of irritation that they can no longer bear to see their leaders feign deafness or autism. You have no doubt heard this cry from the heart of Grace, in Mojas Gomis, one of RFI’s correspondents in Nigeria, in the streets of Abuja: “I am angry!” I have so much anger! “.” I day vex! “, She exploded, in pidgin, before posting this question heavily with meaning:” How can we be in a country and live without peace, without ever being happy, without any moment of happiness to share ! … Our lives are worth nothing in that Nigeria! ”

This is how a movement towards police detectives moves little by little towards an interrogation of everything. And after his speech on October 22, Muhammadu Buhari would have no one else to blame if this chair, to which he was democratically returned just twenty months ago, were to fail.

So why consider it when this movement, as you yourself point out, does not relate precisely to his position?

When conducting government affairs, minimizing small claims can easily lead to disproportionate disappointment. In fact, too many African leaders underestimate the anger that their fellow citizens have accumulated, from deprivation to frustration … hunger, unhygienic housing, without water or electricity, far from schools for children, far from health centers, or without the means to seek treatment.

But political leaders who have no sense of history often think they are immune. Otherwise, why should they believe that they were wiser than Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali, who in 2011 sank too much humiliation, inflicted by a zealous police officer on a modest round of trades? By setting himself on fire, Mohamed Bouazizi unleashed the end in Tunisia on one of the toughest and most oppressive regimes in all of Africa.

Having endured authoritarian regimes in the two to three decades after independence, the peoples of the continent have acquired a certain ability to endure deprivation of liberty when they feel it may be the best counterpart. -be. But dry dictatorships and other sterile authoritarian regimes provide less and less chance of success in Africa today.

Does this type of regime really still exist on the continent?

It is a rhetoric that suggests that too many freedoms can hinder development. Of course, some African countries are experiencing rapid and quality changes. But it is also where nothing ever changes and you do not have to be an ominous bird to predict the worst for leaders who guarantee neither well-being nor basic freedoms or even security. to their people.

When the population is well, it obviously requires freedom and therefore democracy. However, it should not encourage anyone to distill developments to their country. Because it is the only way to get into history to ensure the material happiness and freedoms of its people, which should be the ultimate goal of any politician. Enter history. On the good side, it comes together!

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