The Sahel is particularly vulnerable to the effects of climate change, and the World Bank warns that 13.5 million Sahelians could slide into poverty in the coming decades if nothing is done to adapt economies to climate change. The World Bank estimates in a report on climate and development that it is necessary to invest at least 16 billion dollars in the short term in the five countries of the Sahel to counteract the effects of climate change.
The countries of the Sahel contribute only marginally to global warming (1% of greenhouse gas emissions), but they pay a high price: increase in temperature, drought, soil degradation. The World Bank’s National Report on Climate and Development recommends injecting $16 billion over the next eight years to curb these phenomena.
Siméon Etui is regional director for sustainable development at the World Bank: “Our study makes this very clear. For example, in energy we need three billion dollars. In agriculture and irrigation, three billion is in water and sanitation, five billion dollars. In the environment, a billion, etc. And it all comes down to about $16 billion that we need.”
And again, this estimate is the bottom of the scale, as it would take up to $80 billion over the next 25 years to benefit the 160 million Sahelians. The World Bank has already disbursed nearly $8 billion in these adaptation programs.
“We invest, for example, in The Kandadji Dam in Niger, Simeon Etui continues. Which will not only retain water for energy, but which will also make it possible to retain water for agriculture in the area.”
Food security, irrigation and soil restoration, the World Bank’s adaptation policy aims to be global and transnational. It also offers its expertise to states that do not always have the means to plan their actions.
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