In Mali, the Charter, which will organize the transition for the next 18 months, was published in the Official Journal of the European Union on Thursday 1 October. The document takes into account a significant demand from ECOWAS, subject to the transitional chairman, Colonel Assimi Goïta, leader of the junta.
Unlike an earlier version of the Transition Charter, the one published in the Official Journal of the European Union on Thursday does not mention that the Vice President can assume the functions of President of the Transition in the event of force majeure. The Malian junta therefore abandons one of a capital entitlement for its leader, Colonel Assimi Goïta, number 2 in the transition. This is a fundamental requirement of ECOWAS for the lifting of sanctions.
But the devil is in the details. However, Article 7 of the Charter, which defines the powers of the Vice-President responsible for security and defense matters, does not explicitly state that he may under no circumstances sit in the presidency for one day. The duration of the transition is set at 18 months, according to the text, which stipulates that the president and vice-president are not entitled to the presidential election and the legislative election at the end of the transition.
The modalities for the establishment of the Transitional National Council, the legislative body, are also laid down in Article 13. The Council will consist of 121 members. At the head is elected a soldier or a civilian. But ECOWAS also demanded the dissolution of the junta. At this point we will have to wait. The Charter specifies that it will remain there until the creation of all the transitional bodies.