In the last ten years, at least 8,000 people have been killed in northwestern Nigeria, thousands more have been abducted and hundreds of thousands displaced. And for just over a year, northwestern Nigeria has become a red zone in terms of security.
Quasi-illegal enclaves have been established by groups of armed men in this large region that shares borders with eastern Benin and southern Niger. Hundreds of armed organizations are involved. Some have dozens of members, others rely on hundreds.
With the explosion of trade in small arms and light weapons, organized gangs are operating in forests, mainly in agricultural areas. Private vehicles, public transport, but also schools are the main targets of attacks. Officially, the Nigerian authorities have made the fight against these armed men nicknamed bandits a priority. But until today, no arrest, no major trial against the executor or sponsor.