After his great victory, President Kaboré faced the security challenge

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Re-elected with 57.87% of the vote according to preliminary results, the outgoing president of Burkina Faso, Roch Marc Christian Kaboré, begins his second term. The deterioration of the political and security situation on the ground risks complicating the presidential candidate’s campaign promise to build “a better Burkina Faso for all populations”. Portrait.

“Hakuna Matata!” It means “everything is fine” in Swahili. This formula, which we heard a lot during the recent election rallies of the People’s Movement for Progress (MPP), the party in power in Burkina Faso for five years, finally gave way to the outgoing president, who was a candidate for his own legacy. .

Everything is going well for Roch Marc Christian Kaboré, who won the presidential electionNovember 22 from the first round. With 57.87%, he even managed to improve his score compared to the 2015 election when he received 53% of the vote. The Constitutional Council has not yet announced the final results.

For the presidential camp, this point is no surprise. Most officials were convinced that the victory would be “pure and error-free”. Others admitted that they were somewhat relieved. “If President Kaboré had won with 51 or 52% of the vote, it could have opened the way for disputes and the country can not afford the luxury of a post-election crisis,” a close friend of the leader admitted. by the state.

In the face of the deteriorating security situation in the country, following repeated jihadist attacks since 2015, Burkinabè finally made the choice of continuity: “He already knows the problems. Measures have already been taken. You can just as easily trust him. Which of these opponents would have done better than him in his place? It is a problem that goes beyond our country, “voters declared on Sunday, November 22, the day of the vote. With that said, the threat is real, to the point that 2,000 polling stations did not open their doors on the day of the vote, which is more than half a million registered voters to exercise their right to vote.

Despite his foal’s clear victory, is everything going really well for the presidential clan? Not really, because according to the preliminary results of the legislative election, the elected president will not have the absolute majority in the National Assembly that he hoped for. The MPP, with its 56 deputies, will have to ally with other parties to govern the country, as it did under the previous legislature. is, however, tense in Ouagadougou, especially after the controversies over the method of compilation in the municipal centers. President Kaboré played appeasement and extended his hand to the opposition, with which he promised to work in “permanent consultation”.

► To read also: President of Burkina Faso: re-elected, President Kaboré intends to advocate appeasement

A man from Seraglio

The Seraglio man, Roch Marc Christian Kaboré, has visited the corridors of power for almost forty years. Son of Charles Bila Kaboré, who was a minister in Ouagadougou in the first governments after Burkina Faso’s independence, the man comes from the majority of the Mossi ethnic group, but he is also a practicing Catholic in a predominantly Muslim country. Returning to Burkina Faso after studying in France to become an economist, the president-elect made his political debut in the 1980s, along with Thomas Sankara. For 30 years he joined the revolutionary Sankarist regime as CEO of the International Bank of Burkina Faso.

Thomas Sankara was assassinated in 1987. His ideological affiliation with the resigned revolutionary did not prevent the young banker from joining forces with Blaise Compaoré, Sankara’s friend, assassin and successor. He entered the circle of power first as a minister, then as a parish president and finally as a prime minister. A real Regon baron will also hold the strategic post of President of the Congress of Democracy and Progress (CDP), the party in power. As Prime Minister of Burkina Faso, between 1994 and 1996, he had to deal with the political unrest of the devaluation of the CFA franc and its detrimental effects on economic life. The exercise of these different positions of responsibility has enabled him to gain his position as a statesman and his image as a man who listens.

► Also read, RFI’s web document: Who had Sankara killed?

Cabaret has long been considered the “Beau Blaise” dolphin. That was before he slammed the door on the CDP to protest the modification of Compaoré’s constitution to remain at the helm of the country. With two other very important actors in political life, Salif Diallo, the strategist, and Simon Compaoré, the mayor of the capital, he then founded his own party, the Progress of Movement for the People (MPP).

In October 2014 Blaise Compaoré is ousted from power of a popular uprising. At the end of an eventful transition period that will last one year, Roch Marc Kaboré is elected President of Burkina in the context of the first truly democratic presidential election. After twenty-seven years of autocratic power marked by nepotism and opposition control, the 2015 election of Kaboré, considered a moderate man and known for his social sensitivity, raised high hopes in “men with integrity”.

Security versus development

However, this is, to say the least, a mixed disc. At the end of Roch Kaboré’s first five – year period, some regions of Burkina Faso sank into chaos following repeated attacks by jihadist groups, some affiliated with al-Qaeda, others with the Islamic State. Sometimes these attacks are followed by societal conflicts that cause a spiral of violence that the police have not been able to contain. Since 2015, jihadist attacks have left about 1,200 people dead and displaced one million people from their homes, or one in 20 residents.

During the election campaign, however, President Kaboré tried to defend the results of his five-year term. Its team has constantly reminded of the government’s achievements. These range from strengthening public health policy (free health care for women and children under 5 years of age) to improving economic governance (modernizing the tax administration, access to credit), including through the construction of infrastructures (improvement of drinking water supply, establishment of new road infrastructure, better mobile and internet coverage) and the investment in education (construction of scientific colleges). These advances are duly documented in the latest report from the Mo Ibrahim Foundation, which has just been published.

Unfortunately, this record is being undermined by the descent to a safe hell in Burkina Faso in recent years. For the internally displaced people who gather in the big cities, the socio-economic achievements driven by the outgoing president seem completely at the same pace as their experiences. And the head of state’s responsibility or not in the deteriorating security situation is debated in the country. “There is someone who undoubtedly came up with another idea, more social, more in the reconciliation after the Compaoré regime’s last difficult years, who is suddenly sucked into a problem that is far from what he knows,” said Rinaldo Depagne of the International Crisis Group (ICG ) to AFP.

“How can we talk about development if there is no security?” Asked Zéphirin Diabré, a failed presidential candidate and one of the opposition’s heavyweights. The elected president was taxed by his followers on immobility in the face of the worsening security crisis and promised more results during his second term in the fight against jihadist groups, without agreeing to dialogue with them, at the request of opposition leaders. In any case, President Kaboré, for his entourage, is aware at the beginning of the new five-year term of the need to reverse the trend in the fight against terrorism, so that social and economic gains are not harmed by insecurity. These are undoubtedly the lessons learned from the tours conducted by the presidential candidate in the thirteen regions of the country as part of the election campaign.

By the way, how do you say in the local language “everything is not good?”

Read also: Burkina Faso: after the election, the pursuit of national reconciliation


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