You are reacting to this new migration drama that occurred during a massive attempt by African migrants to cross the high fence that separates the Spanish enclave Melilla from the Moroccan border town of Nador. According to the Moroccan authorities, 23 migrants died and 140 policemen were injured.
Yes, deaths, an official figure that is still being questioned by other sources. Deaths that we still do not know exactly if they were caused by falls, bumps or beatings and brutal repression by the security forces.
What is certain is that we have also seen videos circulating widely that testify to a totally unacceptable violent behavior by Moroccan police officers, who trample on men stacked on top of each other and hit some of them with sticks. These images are unbearable and what they evoke for black African populations is also unbearable. And when the perpetrators of these unworthy treatments come from another African country that invests heavily in the political, economic and cultural relations with its southern neighbors, the unrest is real.
Morocco joined the African Union, even applied a few years ago to join ECOWAS, and Morocco uses a remarkable African strategy of pragmatism, with as much emphasis on economics as on knowledge and education. Today, the kingdom’s political, economic and intellectual elites must also take on the difficult but necessary task of eliminating everything resembling racism in society. The young black Africans without diplomas who are launched on the migration routes are people who have rights like everyone else.
But you believe that European migration policy, as well as the limited interest shown by governments in the countries of origin of migrants in the lives of their children, is also at the heart of these recurring dramas at sea, in the desert, in Libya or in Ceuta and Melilla
Yes of course. The deaths of thousands each year on migration routes are the double consequence of the inability to convince young people in their countries of origin that they have an immediate future at home, and of the incoherent and sometimes cynical migration policies of European countries. . Let us remember, however, that migrations are a constant in human history and that the scientific analysis of migrations for decades has provided keys to understanding that are valid for all regions of the world.
African migrants respond to the same signals as Mexican, Lebanese, Vietnamese, Irish or Italian migrants, sometimes corresponding to obviously different contexts. The context does not change radically from one year to another. This means that even in countries where efforts are being made to create jobs, opportunities and hope for young people, the need for mobility will not dry up anytime soon.
This is why host countries’ migration policies are the most crucial factor in the short term for the level of risk for migrants. It is this policy that will make the difference between the number of migrants who can claim to migrate regularly with little risk to their lives and those who have no chance of taking legal routes to migrate.
Do you remember the paths that the European think tank, Delors Institute, proposed in a study on migration between Europe and Africa, a study that was the subject of a debate organized with Wathi a few months ago.
In fact. This document proposed the creation of a visa to seek work in the European Union, based on the experience of the free movement of European citizens, which did not generate a massive wave of migration between states, and by taking advantage of the robust legal and technical arsenal that ensures a close control of people legally entering the European Union.
Faced with the reality of suffering and the trivialization of inhuman treatment that remembers the darkest times of our humanity, it is a moral requirement to dare to take new paths.