The latest bulletin from the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) published on Tuesday counts 4.5 million people who cannot feed themselves without help, 1.7 million Tigrayans have left their homes since the beginning of the war and 62,000 who fled his country to Sudan.
The photograph of the humanitarian situation, which was stopped on March 31, shows a territory that is still scarred by violence and fear. Of course, says Ocha, humanitarian access has improved. But the inhabitants of the countryside and the cities in the west as well as Shiraro, Zena, Endabaguna, in the northwest, lack everything: electricity, health care, water, sanitation, education. Finally, “the conflict hinders access to public social protection from institutions such as the judiciary and the police,” adds Ocha.
Conflicts continue in the mountains between the federal army, the Eritrean army and the auxiliary militia against the Tigrayan uprising, and this almost everywhere in the northwest, center, east, southeast and south, the UN adds. dresser. On the other hand, there are minor battles near the Eritrean borders. Nevertheless, communities continue “to report door-to-door raids, sexual violence and abuses against civilians there,” she said.
Ocha finally confirms the destruction from the Eritrean refugee camps Hitsats and Shimelba and the disappearance of several thousand of its inhabitants. And in the West, despite the absence of fighting, the UN reports forced relocation of Tigrayans and “refusal to help” Tigrayans “by local authorities and armed groups”.