In Sudan, faced with the unprecedented wave of violence that bloodied the Blue Nile state last week, organizers of the political opposition against the military in power are calling for “unity”, with the launch on Tuesday 19 July of a fundraiser for the victims . While they have announced that they will send a delegation there, they accuse the military in Khartoum of fueling the conflict in their favor. According to several observers, it would be “misleading” to describe these killings as only “intercommunal”.
That unprecedented violence in the Blue Nile are above all “political”, they are not due to “an ancient hatred between tribes”, explains Sudanese journalist Mat Nashed, but are rather “the result of a logic which has neglected, plundered and militarized the country’s periphery since independence”.
The researcher Kholood Kair approves and clarifies: for her, the first person responsible for the worsening of the situation is actually “the military-Islamist regime” in Khartoum. Loyal heir to Omar Al-Bashir, he trusts, according to her, the tribalization of distant states to advance their own interests.
Its economic interests, first, by securing control over the land and its resources through local alliances. Then his political interestsarming some factions against others, based on “racially divisive rhetoric”.
In the Blue Nile, where access to land and water, as in Darfur, is increasingly contradictory, the Hausas believe they are being treated unfairly. They therefore intend to organize themselves into an “emirate” and be represented in the institutions of the Blue Nile, which the other communities refuse. This is how a local incident quickly degenerated on July 10 into a general fire.
The latest report from the Blue Nile authorities reports 105 dead and 291 injured in ten days. Jamal Nasser, the Minister of Health assured that calm had come with the deployment of security forces in the conflict zone.
The Hausa community has called for an investigation into the cause of the violence. According to Umar Hamza Abdolaye, a citizen who participated in demonstrations organized by Hausa social movements, “we must regulate the distribution of land to create peace,” he told Mahamane Salissou Hamissou of RFI’s Hausa service:
According to Umar Hamza Abdolaye, a Hausa protester, “land distribution must be regulated to bring peace” to the Blue Nile