Algeria celebrates on Tuesday the 60th anniversary of its independence, obtained on July 5, 1962 after 132 years of colonization and more than 7 years of war against France and approved by more than 99% of the votes in a referendum on self-determination. While Algeria was a diplomatic reference for some African countries at the time of its independence, it has lost much of its aura on the continent’s and region’s stage.
Algeria lost the aura it had on the African continent after its independence, strongly in the prestige of its national war of liberation. Since President Abdelmadjid Tebboune came to power in December 2019, Algiers has sought to regain its place at the forefront of the African and regional diplomatic scene, for example by engaging in the Libyan file.
Algeria’s voice had become almost inaudible since 2013 and the attack by former President Abdelaziz Bouteflika, who remained in the country’s leader for 20 years. But also due to internal crises that have led to a decline in the country.
For Brahim Oumansour, an assistant researcher at the Institute of International and Strategic Relations (Iris) and a specialist in the Maghreb, Algeria has certainly withdrawn, but it is still an influential player in the African Union. It thus maintains strong ties with some countries such as South Africa, even though it faces competition from its Moroccan neighbor, with which diplomatic relations have been broken since August last year: Morocco is leading now active diplomacyespecially on the Western Sahara issue.
However, Algeria remains an important partner, whether on the African continent, in terms of security and the fight against terrorism.
If Algiers’ foreign policy has changed much since its independence, good relations with Moscow are a constant, says geopolitical researcher Adlène Mohammedi, a specialist in Russia’s Arab policy. And this even though Algiers today is trying to spare its other international partners.
According to Adlène Mohammedi, Algeria has always had good relations with Russia since independence
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