After more than eight months of fragmentation within the UN Security Council, it is finally the Bulgarian Nickolay Mladenov, the current UN envoy for the Middle East, who is being called upon to become the new UN special envoy for Libya. As Ghassan Salamé resigned on March 2 for health reasons, it was difficult to find a diplomatic agreement to appoint a replacement. The discussions finally seem to be blocking.
In the end, it was the Americans who won their case in this difficult inheritance to Ghassan Salame. Because “Africa no longer blocks the appointment” by Nickolay Mladenov according to AFP, which quotes a diplomat on condition of anonymity.
African states really wanted to appoint an African for mediation on the continent. But the United States was relentless from the beginning. Washington thus rejected the two candidates proposed by UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres: the Algerian Ramtane Lamamra and the Ghanaian Hanna Serwaa Tetteh.
An equivalent for Africa
The United States also demanded that the service be split in two. With, on the one hand, an envoy responsible for diplomatic mediation and, on the other hand, a coordinator, head of the UN mission in place, Manul, who only brings together about 200 people. In exchange for the appointment of Nickolay Mladenov, this coordination mission could go to an African. At the same time, other African personalities should be assigned functions on the continent.
The new UN political mission in Sudan, created in June, awaits a leader, for example. Other UN peacekeeping missions, such as in Mali, should also change existing commanders reaching the end of their mandate.