US envoy to Ethiopia to press peace efforts
ADDIS ABABA – The new US envoy for the Horn of Africa arrived in Ethiopia on Friday on a mission to advance peace efforts between the federal government and rebels in Tigray.
Mike Hammer is within the nation “to support efforts to achieve lasting peace for the benefit of all Ethiopians,” the US Embassy mentioned on Twitter.
He mentioned he would meet with authorities officers, political events and civil society.
The Ethiopian authorities of Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed and the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) which went to warfare in November 2020 have raised the potential for peace talks.
But main obstacles stay.
Abiy needs the African Union, primarily based in Addis Ababa, to mediate any negotiations, a place rejected by the rebels who as an alternative need neighboring Kenya to mediate.
Hammer “will be having discussions with the parties to see what we can do to move these talks forward,” Molly Phee, America’s prime diplomat for Africa, mentioned Wednesday.
Abiy’s nationwide safety adviser, Redwan Hussein, mentioned on Twitter on Thursday that the federal government was able to discuss “anytime and anywhere” and that negotiations ought to start “without preconditions”.
Fighting has eased in northern Ethiopia since a humanitarian truce was declared in late March.
But greater than 13 million individuals want meals help in Tigray and neighboring Afar and Amhara areas, with excessive ranges of meals insecurity and malnutrition, in response to the United Nations.
Tigray itself lacks meals, gas and important companies resembling electrical energy, communications and banking, and a whole bunch of hundreds of individuals stay in deplorable circumstances.
Earlier this week, TPLF-linked Tigrai TV quoted insurgent chief Debretsion Gebremichael as warning that primary companies would must be restored in the world earlier than negotiations might start.
The US State Department mentioned in a press release saying its go to on Saturday that Hammer would “review progress in providing humanitarian assistance and accountability for human rights violations and abuses.”
Hammer should additionally assist forge a diplomatic decision to the regional dispute over the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD), a megaproject on the Blue Nile, he mentioned.
He held talks on the dam throughout a go to to Egypt on Monday.
“We are actively committed to supporting a diplomatic track under the auspices of the African Union that results in an agreement that meets the long-term needs of every citizen along the Nile.”
Addis Ababa considers the venture important for the electrification and improvement of Africa’s second most populous nation, however Cairo and Khartoum concern it might threaten their entry to the very important waters of the Nile.