Protais Mpiranya is one of the leading genocides in Rwanda. Or rather, where: his death was revealed on Thursday, May 12, by UN prosecutors investigating the last perpetrators of the genocide in Rwanda. This “mechanism” tracks the last refugees prosecuted by the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda. Since the arrest of Félicien Kabuga in France two years ago, Protais Mpiranya was the most important of the former genocides still untraceable: former head of the Presidential Guard, indicted in 2000 by the ICTR for genocide, complicity in genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes in particular. . He had been on the run since the end of the 1994 genocide.
The most wanted refugee from justice for his role in the Tutsi genocide in Rwanda in 1994, died in 2006, more than fifteen years ago, in peace, in Zimbabwe. His presence in the country, since his death “deliberately concealed” due to “concerted efforts by his family and his staff” shows the press release from the UN prosecutor.
After all, after a lengthy investigation with the support of Rwanda and many countries around the world, prosecutors managed to locate his remains in Harare. DNA analysis confirms that Protais Mpiranya died on October 5, 2006.
#IRMCT The prosecutor’s office today confirmed the death of Protais Mpiranya, the last of the major refugees charged by #ICTR and alleged to have been a senior leader in the 1994 genocide against the Tutsis in Rwanda. See PR for more information: https://t.co/N1ARK4CnI4
– UNIRMCT (@unirmct) 12 May 2022 Protais Mpiranya is one of the main perpetrators of the genocide in Rwanda: former head of the Presidential Guard, he specifically ordered, according to the indictment of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, the assassination of Rwanda’s former Prime Minister, Agathe Uwilingiyimana, a moderate hutu. His mutilated and naked body was then exposed on the street. Protais Mpiranya had also been charged with the murder of the president of the Constitutional Court, two ministers and even ten Belgian blue helmets.
After the genocide, Protais Mpiranya fled and fought in the Democratic Republic of Congo, together with the Congolese army, against rebels supported by the new Rwandan army, then in Zimbabwe, this time within the FDLR, an armed group partly composed of former genocides, and charged. to exploit minerals in eastern Congo. Revelations made by the organization African Rights, and by the Rwandan and Zimbabwean press.
Protais Mpiranya will therefore have managed to escape justice, to the end of his life. The UN mechanism continues to track down the last five refugees still on its list.
► Also read Rwanda: the origin of the genocide