Sailing Towards Victory: Somalia Nearing Non-Permanent UN Security Council Seat

Somalia is preparing for its second stint on the Security Council, a role it last held in the early 1970s. The African Union has thrown its weight behind Somalia’s candidacy. This support was solidified at the AU Executive Council’s 44th Ordinary Session in February 2024, where Somalia was unanimously chosen as the African representative, prompting other countries like Mauritius and Madagascar to withdraw their bids.

Somalia’s campaign focuses on conflict prevention, sustainable development, and providing humanitarian aid to tackle the root causes of conflicts. It plans to give precedence to the Women, Peace, and Security (WPS) and Youth, Peace, and Security (YPS) initiatives, stressing the importance of involving civil society.

With its membership in the League of Arab States (LAS) and the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC), Somalia is placed as a vital mediator in regional disputes. It aims to facilitate dialogue among various factions, leveraging its unique regional connections.

During its prior term on the Security Council, Somalia championed global decolonization endeavors and chaired a significant high-level conference in Addis Ababa, marking a milestone as the first such meeting held in Africa. Somalia intends to push for stronger UN-AU collaboration and uphold the implementation of resolution 2719, which greenlights UN financial backing for AU peace operations.

The election process mandates formal voting, even for unopposed positions. For Somalia to secure a seat, it must garner a two-thirds majority in the General Assembly vote, amounting to at least 129 positive votes if all 193 UN member states participate. The election will fill five seats on the Security Council, designated for various regional groups.

The incoming members, including one from Africa, one from the Asia-Pacific region, one from Latin America and the Caribbean, and two from Western Europe and other regions, will commence their duties on January 1, 2025, serving until December 31, 2026.

The UN Security Council boasts 15 seats, with five permanent members and ten rotating members serving two-year terms. Tasked with upholding global peace and security, the Council deliberates on matters such as sanctions, military action, and peacekeeping missions.

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