President Mohamud Triumphs as Somalia Secures Landmark Seat on UN Security Council

President Mohamud expressed heartfelt thanks to Security Council members and regional and continental allies for backing Somalia’s candidacy. “Today’s diplomatic triumph reflects global acknowledgment of Somalia’s strides and progress, especially in our nation’s restoration,” he remarked. “This win allows us to contribute to global safety and security.”

Somalia clinched 179 out of 193 possible votes in the General Assembly, surpassing the two-thirds majority mark. This is a historic win, as it’s the first time since 1972 that Somalia has snagged a non-permanent seat on the UN Security Council.

Foreign Affairs Minister, Ambassador Ahmed Moalim Fiqi, lauded Somalia’s diplomatic achievements. “Our role will emphasize staunch commitment to multilateralism and adherence to the international law principles of the UN Charter,” he said. Fiqi highlighted Somalia’s aim to boost cooperation between the Security Council and regional players like the African Union.

Somalia’s campaign was strongly supported by the African Union, which endorsed it as the sole candidate for the African seat during its 44th Ordinary Session of the AU Executive Council in February 2024. This led to the withdrawal of competing bids from Mauritius and Madagascar, paving the way for Somalia’s victory.

The United Nations Security Council consists of 15 members, including five permanent members with veto powers—China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The other ten members are elected for two-year terms. In addition to Somalia, the newly-elected non-permanent members are Denmark, Greece, Pakistan, and Panama for the term January 1, 2025, to December 31, 2026.

Denmark garnered 184 votes, Greece and Pakistan each received 182, and Panama got 183 votes. These four countries will take over from Ecuador, Japan, Malta, Mozambique, and Switzerland, whose terms conclude on December 31, 2024.

Not all were thrilled with the election process. Human Rights Watch voiced concerns about the uncontested nature of the elections. Louis Charbonneau, UN Director for the NGO, remarked, “Uncontested elections for seats on the Security Council or any UN body trivialize the idea of an ‘election.’ Member countries must offer choices so that nations committing severe human rights abuses can be excluded.”

Despite such objections, Somalia’s election marks a significant turn in its global diplomatic journey. Taking up its role on the Security Council, Somalia aims to amplify efforts towards regional and world peace and security. 

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