So far, the coronavirus pandemic in Madagascar has resulted in a crisis that is far more social and economic than health, as evidenced by the study of the effects of Covid-19 on the Malagasy labor market. A study conducted by the Instat – National Institute of Statistics – in collaboration with the ILO, the International Labor Organization and revealed yesterday, Tuesday, January 12, to the public.
with our correspondent in Madagascar, Sarah Tétaud
This lemon seller curves up on a sidewalk in the capital in vain the customer. “You see, today I sold almost 30 lemons before I sold 100. It has been like this since the crisis of Covid. People do not have more money … ”
For the study “Employment and Covid-19 in Madagascar”, almost 5,000 people were interviewed between August and November. With the exception of the primary sector (agriculture and fisheries), all branches of activity in the country have suffered job losses. One household in two in August and one in three in November experienced a decline in their income.
The formal sector most affected
The informal sector has been the victim of widespread inactivity. As a direct consequence, its workers suffered a marked decline in income. However, it is the formal sector that is more likely to follow the measures issued by the state of emergency, which would have been most affected, especially with regard to job losses. According to the results revealed yesterday, it is actually the employees in tourism, hotel and catering, leisure and art who have the highest job losses (30 to 40% of these have been laid off).
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For Zefania Romalahy, Director General of the Instat, the study reveals a common denominator for the formal and informal sectors: “It is the impact on household income that has been most striking. Not just because of a job loss. Even after the crisis in November, we still noticed that this decline in household income continued and that it only exacerbated an already existing uncertainty regarding household living conditions. ”
Necessary social protection
For Coffi Agossou, Country Director of the International Labor Organization, the pandemic has strongly reminded us of the need for genuine social dialogue. “Certain measures have been taken without consulting workers or employers. The crisis revealed that unemployment insurance, social security is important; when it came to supporting workers, the government did not make money available. And as we risk seeing another wave of coronavirus, we invite those responsible to plan human-centered action. It is important. “
In the country, more than 9 out of 10 workers do not benefit from social protection schemes in their jobs.
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