How is the province of Cabo Delgado secured in Mozambique? This is the subject of the major diplomatic maneuvers currently being carried out by Maputo. The province has significant gas reserves that are vital to the country’s economy. The French Total is piloting a $ 20 billion project that brings together an international consortium.
Since 2017, Islamist rebels have attacked northern Mozambique. They came dangerously close to the plants in a large gas flow plant under construction. So far, the Mozambican army has proved unable to stop the advance of Islamist insurgents, and in early January Total had to evacuate its staff of the Afungi site threatened by intrusion.
Thus, since the beginning of January, a security has taken root in people’s minds. Without help, the Mozambican state will not be able to secure the huge gas project that Total manages in the province of Cabo Delgado, threatened of the group of Shebabs affiliated with the Islamic State. This project, which is strategic for Mozambique, is the same for Total and for Europe, which seeks to diversify its sources of gas supply. On Monday, Mozambican President Filipe Nyusi, CEO of Total, received Patrick Pouyanné to assure him that everything will be done to secure the area.
The Portuguese Foreign Minister, whose country has taken over the rotating presidency of Europe, is in Maputo for two days to discuss how to help Mozambique.
France, for its part, is already proposing to train local soldiers, as explained on 12 January to the French National Assembly, Florence Parly, the Minister of the Armed Forces: “We are in the process of seeing how we can support by training or training these armed forces. We hope to be able to do this with our European partners. And we have forces located in the South Indian Ocean, on Reunion Island and in Mayotte to be able to contribute if needed. ”
Support is growing for Mozambique. After the United States and South Africa, President Felipe Nyusi has received support from his neighbor Tanzanian. The two countries, which have long argued over their respective responsibilities in the face of rising regional terrorism, have been conducting joint police operations on both sides of their border since last November.