Egypt and Somalia condemn Ethiopia over Nile dam dispute

Egypt and Somalia have rejected unilateral actions by Ethiopia involving worldwide river tasks and are as a substitute selling co-ordination and session, a press release from the Egyptian presidency has mentioned.

The assertion was issued after talks in Cairo between Egyptian President Abdel Fattah El Sisi and Somali chief Sheikh Mohamud, who was visiting Egypt for the primary time since his election in May.

Their joint demand collaboration on river tasks referred to Ethiopia’s hydroelectric dam on the Nile, the operation of which has been at the center of a long-running dispute with downstream nations Egypt and Sudan.

Although not among the many 11 Nile basin international locations, Somalia shares a border with Ethiopia, the nation from which its two fundamental rivers — the Juba and the Shebelle — originate.

It is one in every of a number of nations bordering Ethiopia that Cairo has been courting lately, together with South Sudan, Eritrea and Uganda.

“We were in agreement on the dangers of unilateral policies regarding projects on international rivers, as well as the inevitability of commitment to the principal of co-operation and prior consultations among littoral states to ensure no damage is done to any of them,” the assertion learn.

“This is in accordance with the relevant principles of international law. Henceforth, there is a need to reach, and without delay, a legally binding agreement on the filling and operation of that [Ethiopian] dam.”

Ethiopia’s “unilateral” actions are believed to be its filling of the dam — which it’s doing for a 3rd consecutive 12 months — with out informing Cairo and Khartoum. The two allies additionally protested Ethiopia’s preliminary technology of energy from the dam in February of this 12 months.

Egypt, essentially the most populous Arab nation with 103 million folks, maintains that any discount of its share of Nile waters may wipe out lots of of 1000’s of jobs and disrupt its delicate meals stability at a time when international meals costs are hovering together with vitality and transport prices.

For its half, Sudan desires Ethiopia to share stay information on the operation of the dam to keep away from ruinous flooding and guarantee its personal hydroelectric dams function with out interruption.

The two international locations additionally keep that there have been no adequate geological and environmental research carried out earlier than the beginning of building of the dam, which started a decade in the past and is now almost full.

Ethiopia, which is constructing the dam a mere 20 kilometres from the Sudanese border, has up to now rejected moving into a legally binding deal, saying tips ought to suffice.

The East African nation has repeatedly sought to reassure Cairo and Khartoum that the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam venture was each protected and important to its personal growth and wouldn’t scale back their water share.

The final spherical of talks between the three international locations on the venture have been held in April final 12 months. Sponsored by the African Union, the negotiations collapsed in acrimony, with Sudan and Egypt blaming Ethiopia for the deadlock, and vice versa.

The US State Department on Saturday mentioned Special Envoy for the Horn of Africa Mike Hammer will journey to the Egypt, the UAE and Ethiopia this week to “provide US support towards forging a diplomatic resolution to issues related to the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam … that would achieve the interests of all parties”.

The assertion gave no additional particulars, however appeared to recommend renewed curiosity by Washington within the seek for a decision of the dispute.

It additionally got here every week after Mr El Sisi mentioned the dispute with US President Joe Biden in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

“The two leaders reiterated the imperative of concluding an agreement on the filling and operation of the GERD without further delay,” mentioned a White House assertion after the July 16 assembly.

Egypt, which relies upon nearly totally on the Nile for its freshwater wants, has dominated out army motion to resolve the dispute, saying it can as a substitute proceed to hunt a negotiated settlement.

In the meantime, it has taken pricey measures to cut back water waste by recycling, lifting state subsidies on potable water and educating farmers on environment friendly irrigation strategies.

Source: Mena News

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