Egpyt, Somalia rejects Ethiopia’s unilateral GERD coverage as “dangerous” to regional safety

Mogadishu  – Somali President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud met on Monday with Egyptian President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi on the Al-Ittihadiya presidential palace in Cairo, the place the 2 African leaders mentioned growth, safety within the Red Sea and regional points corresponding to the Great Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) on the Blue Nile.

In a joint assertion launched after their talks, President Sisi mentioned he and President Mohamud spoke about “the danger of unilateral policies” when implementing tasks on rivers that run by means of a number of nations.

“We agreed on the dangers of unilateral policies regarding projects on international rivers, as well as the inevitability of committing to the principle of cooperation and prior consultation between coastal states to ensure that no harm comes to any of them,” reads the declaration.

Sisi added that the 2 leaders mentioned Ethiopia’s must seek the advice of regional stakeholders underneath worldwide regulation and {that a} binding settlement should be reached on the GERD filling operation.

A spokesman for Egyptian President El-Sisi mentioned the assembly centered on the “historic and brotherly” relations with the 2 African nations.

The development of the GERD in 2011 has considerably deteriorated relations between Egypt and Ethiopia, particularly after Ethiopia started filling the reservoir and has known as for help from the worldwide neighborhood to stress Ethiopia to achieve a legally binding settlement.

Ethiopia is an upstream riverine state whose highlands provide greater than three-quarters of the water that flows into the Nile. Ethiopia argued that it retains the suitable to reap hydropower to energy its nation and profit its individuals with out considerably affecting the circulate of water to downstream nations.

Egypt, which is nearly fully depending on the Nile’s waters, argued {that a} 1959 settlement between Egypt and Sudan – which provides the 2 states full management – regulated the allocation of the Nile’s waters, however Ethiopia has rejected this argument.

The Arab League, of which Somalia is a member, has known as on Ethiopia to respect Egypt and Sudan’s Nile rights and has known as on the UN Security Council to intervene.

Somalia’s two principal rivers – the Juba and the Shebelle – originate in Ethiopia and circulate by means of the southern a part of the nation, which is Somalia’s breadbasket.

Monday’s joint assertion locations Somalia in a tenuous place diplomatically. The former administration of Mohamed Abdullahi Farmajo cast shut ties with Addis Ababa and signed a tripartite mutual protection and safety pact with Eritrea.

The feedback come as US Special Envoy for the Horn of Africa Mike Hammer arrived in Cairo to satisfy with Egyptian leaders in an try to strike a deal on the GERD. Hammer will proceed to Addis Ababa this week to carry comparable talks with Ethiopian officers.

The final spherical of negotiations between Ethiopia and Egypt in 2018 failed.

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