Compelling Evidence Uncovers Ethiopia’s Genocidal Actions in Tigray Conflict: Report

A report asserts that Ethiopia and its allies aimed to annihilate Tigrayans as an ethnic group, urging prosecution at the International Court of Justice.

Tigrayans affected by the strife settle in a makeshift tent in Semera, Ethiopia (AFP)

A fresh study presents substantial evidence indicating Ethiopian forces engaged in genocidal activities during the Tigray conflict.

Published on Tuesday by the U.S.-based New Lines Institute, the 120-page document cites numerous credible, independent sources, suggesting that Ethiopian forces and their allies perpetrated acts considered genocidal during the 2020-2022 war. The researchers advocate taking Ethiopia to the International Court of Justice.

The Tigray conflict ignited in November 2020, sparked by the regional government’s autonomy quest that prompted the Ethiopian military’s incursion into the northern region.

Thousands perished in the two-year turmoil, officially concluding in November 2022. Each side blamed the other for heinous acts like mass killings, sexual violence, and indiscriminate detentions, while fervently denying any monstrous behaviors themselves.

A UN report from last September highlighted that war crimes and crimes against humanity persisted nearly a year after government and Tigrayan forces agreed to cease hostilities.

The New Lines Institute’s recent analysis confirms evidence of Ethiopia violating the Genocide Convention by targeting civilians with mass killings and starvation methods.

The report accuses the Ethiopian National Defense Force (ENDF), Eritrean Defence Forces (EDF), and various regional militias of intending to obliterate Tigrayans as an ethnic entity.

It outlines at least four genocidal actions: killing Tigrayans, causing severe physical or mental harm, creating life conditions calculated to decimate Tigrayans, and imposing measures to prevent births among them.

Moreover, the report implicates social media posts by “certain individuals” as public incitements to genocide.

Ethiopia, accused of obstructing international investigations, consistently refutes allegations of its forces committing war crimes during the conflict. Eritrea labels such claims against it as slanderous.

However, the new study, compiled over two years with input from numerous legal specialists, corroborates the UN’s findings, asserting a “reasonable basis to believe” the nations committed war crimes and/or crimes against humanity.

The authors urge the global community to pressure Ethiopia through diplomatic channels and to bring the nation before the ICJ.

SOURCE: AL JAZEERA

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