South Sudan, independent since 2011, is struggling to recover from a six-year civil war that officially ended in February. In 2016, the government had launched a conference on national dialogue to stop the spiral of violence. The trial ended a few days ago, but the violence remains.
“We must question ourselves in order for the dialogue to bear fruit,” it was in these terms that President Salva Kiir concluded four years of discussions between the various actors in the country.
This long and unparalleled process, the director of the UN mission in South Sudan, David Shearer, wishes to give hope during a press conference: “It has given people all over the country. the opportunity to share their views on the country’s future with broad participation in the conference. This ranged from community leaders to farmers, including women, youth, and religious leaders. People talked sincerely, honestly and anxiously about the problems they face on a daily basis. But above all, they could talk about their disappointment with the peace process. “
Implement the peace agreement
The peace process is really difficult to get in place, resentment and violence remain in a country that still has everything to build, as Jok Madut Jok, an analyst at the Sudd Institute in Juba, describes it: “For government of national unity formed since February, the next step is to implement this agreement. This means stabilizing the security situation by uniting the army, reforming parliament and building a new constitution, and then finally authorizing parliament to put in place an action plan for the agreement. ”
The rewriting of the constitution depends on the nature of the future presidential election and in particular Salva Kiir’s candidacy at age 15, repeatedly rejected, it is currently planned, in March 2022.
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