The first meeting in Brussels on Monday between two former enemies, ex-Ivorian presidents Henri Konan Bédié and Laurent Gbagbo, announced the creation of a front against the camp of current president Alassane Ouattara for the presidential election of 2020. .
Mr Bédié (1993-1999, 85 years old) and Mr Gbagbo (2000-2011, 74 years old), who is awaiting a decision from the International Criminal Court in Belgium, met for the first time since 2010 and the post-crisis electoral campaign that left more than 3,000 dead after Gbagbo refused to admit defeat to Ouattara.
Irony: Bedie had supported Ouattara against Gbagbo in the second round of the 2010 presidential election, and his party, the PDCI (Democratic Party of Côte d’Ivoire), actively participated in the ruling coalition until 2018. This The coalition then shattered because Bédié believed that the coalition should support a PDCI candidate by 2020.
“This meeting probably augurs an electoral alliance. There are zones of disagreement inevitably, but these zones were held to unite against Ouattara. It’sEverything but Ouattaraor his successor, “says consultant Yves Ouya. “Historically, two parties need to ally against the third to win.”
“This meeting has a strong echo because people are worried that there will be a remake of 2010,” says Ouya. “There we find ourselves 10 years later with the same, with just a shift from one party to another. It’s a generation failure. ”
During this interview, Henri Konan Bédié “was particularly pleased with the acquittal of President Laurent Gbagbo and urged a quick return to Côte d’Ivoire,” according to a joint statement signed by their two parties.
Acquitted by the International Criminal Court, Mr. Gbagbo, who was being prosecuted for crimes against humanity, is currently on parole in Brussels pending a possible appeal trial.
“In the framework of the organization of fair, transparent and fair elections in 2020”, the two men “called on the government to carry out a thorough reform of the Independent Electoral Commission ( IEC ) so that it can contribute significantly to the consolidation of social peace in Côte d’Ivoire “.
The current reform of the CIS , which must be ratified in the coming days by the National Assembly, is criticized by the opposition which considers that it does not present sufficient guarantees of independence.
The credibility of the CIS is considered crucial for the presidential election of 2020, which looks tense.
For the political scientist Jean Alabro, this alliance, “even if it does not give rise to an electoral pact,” shows that the opponents “do not necessarily want a beautiful bride but the departure of Ouattara. It sends a signal to everyone who wants to leave. It is a dynamic that starts to drive Ouattara or his successor “.
On the side of power, the spokesman of the Rally of Houphouetists for Democracy and Peace ( RHDP ), Kobenan Kouassi Adjoumani, called the meeting a “non-event”. “It is unfortunate for someone who is a former head of state (…) He knows what happened during the crisis. He had in his time condemned Laurent Gbagbo (…) responsible for thousands of deaths, “he told AFP .
“We are not afraid of any coalition. Bedie has no more soldiers to fight. The PDCI -Daoukro (birthplace of Bédié) is considering an alliance with the FPI (Ivorian Popular Front, the party of Gbagbo) which itself is divided … (This will) is not shared by the PDCI militants “, estimated Mr. Adjoumani, himself a former PDCI .
“It’s political politics. That he wants to put in place a strategy to regain power is his problem. We, we are working so that the Ivorians live in perfect harmony, so that the country develops and for every Ivorian have the minimum to face his needs “, he added, promising a” clean “victory of the RHDP in 2020 “in the first round”.